THE PEOPLE OF NIGERIA - WHO ARE WE?


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List of Major Tribes in Nigeria

Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country and has one of the largest aggregation of ethnic groups in Africa. There are more than 300 Nigerian tribes and among the largest include Hausa-Fulani, Igbo, Yoruba, Ijaw, Kanuri, Annang, Tiv, Ibibio, Etsako, and Efik. Other Nigerian tribes apart from the ones listed constitute a smaller percentage of the total number people from all the tribes in Nigeria. It is noteworthy that Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba make up about 70% of the population of Nigeria. These Nigerian tribes have different cultures carried on by their people thereby contributing to the immense cultural diversity seen in the country.

HAUSA TRIBE
Hausa is the largest tribe in Nigeria making up about 29% of Nigeria’s population. They live in the northern part of Nigeria, Southern parts of Niger and west end of Chad Republic. They mostly occupy the towns and villages in Northern parts of Nigeria including: Kano, Kaduna, Biram, Jos, Lafia,  Katsina, Abuja, Sokoto, Bauchi, Birnin Kebbi, Damaturu, Dutse, Gombe, Suleja, Gusau, Jalingo, Jebba, Jos, Lafia, Maiduguri, Makurdi, Yola, Zaria, etc.
No two tribes in Nigeria have exactly the same language but the Hausa language originated and forms part of the Chadic family of Languages which is similar but distantly related to Hebrew and Arabic. In recent times, because of the close similarities between the cultures and lifestyle of Hausa and Fulani, they are often regarded as Hausa-Fulani.

IGBO TRIBE
Igbo is one of the major tribes in Nigeria with an appreciable number of people owing their origin to the Igbo tribe. Historically, they were from the Nri Kingdom, which happens to be the oldest Kingdom in Nigeria. The Igbos are industrious and made bronze ceremonial vessels as part of the culture and heritage dated back to the stone age. Geographically, the Igbo land occupies most of South Eastern Nigeria and some of the major cities include Enugu, Onitsha, Owerri, Asaba, Awka, Abakiliki, Abia, Orlu, etc.

YORUBA TRIBE
Credit: eden-saga.com
The Yoruba tribe constitute almost 21 % of the population of Nigeria and this translates to about 40 million people. They inhabit the southwestern part of Nigeria but also live in other countries in West Africa including Benin, Ghana, Togo and surprisingly, the Caribbean. They are well involved in arts and have a long history of poetry. Between 1100 to 1700, they made impressive bronze sculptures, most of which were made to represent the heads of gods and rulers. They also made lots of beadwork, metalwork, weaving and mask making.

Here is the list of tribes in Nigeria.
Hausa
Igbo
Yoruba
Abayon
Abua
Achipa
Adim
Adun
Affade
Afizere
Afo
Agbo
Akaju-Ndem
Akweya yachi
Alago
Amo
Anaguta
Anang
Andoni
Angas
Ankwei
Anyima
Attakar
Auyoka
Awori
Ayu
Babur
Bachama
Bachere
Bada
Bade
Bahumono
Bakuluing
Bali
Bambora
Bambuko
Banada
Banka
Banso
Bara
Barke
Baruba
Bashiri
Bassa
Batta
Baushi
Baya
Bekwarra
Bele
Betso
Benin
Bilei
Bille
Bina
Bini
Birom
Bobua
Boki
Bkkos
Boko
Bole
Botlere
Boma
Bomboro
Buduma
Buji
Buli
Bunu
Bura
Burak
Burma
Buru
Buta
Bwall
Bwatiye
Bwazza
Challa
Chamba
Chamo
Chibok
Daba
Dadiye
Dajka
Dakarkari
Danda
Dangsa
Daza
Degema
Dghwede
Diba
Doemak
Ouguri
Abana
Ebuira
Ebu
Efik
Egbema
Egede
Eggon
Egun
Eket
Ekoi
Epie
Esan
Etche
Etsako
Etung
Palli
Fulani
Geruma
Gira
Gombi
Gude
Gwari
Gwoza
Ibibio
Igala
Idoma
Ijumu
Ika
Ikwerre
Isoko
Isekiri
Kafanchan
Mambilla
Mobber
Nupe
Oron
Opwan
Oworo
Poll
Tiv
Tula
Urhobo
Yagba

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